How to Write a Research Proposal: First Step towards Ph.D.


For masters or doctoral students, learning how to write a research proposal is not an option. A well-prepared research proposal serves as an effective guide when you are conducting research. But first things first, what is a research proposal? A research proposal is a written study plan or a blueprint for an intended study. Different institutions have recommended the use of specific formats for students who are just learning how to write research proposals. Below a quick steps in writing a research proposal.

1. Write the Preliminaries

The preliminary consists of the title, which is placed first on a proposal. The title is then followed by the declaration, acknowledgement, the table of contents and lastly the abstract.

2. Work on the three major chaptersA good introduction should justify the purpose and the need or the significance of the research. It should consist of background information, statement of the problem, purpose of the study, objectives of the study and the hypothesis. It should also entail the significance, the scope, assumptions, and limitations of the study as well as definition of terms where applicable. The next major chapter consists the literature review. It is a partial summary of the previous work related to the hypothesis or focus of the study.

One should do a review of the current and relevant literature. The research methodology should provide explanation and description of the methods and procedures used in conducting the research. It entails the research design, population and sample, sampling procedures, data collection procedures and data analysis techniques.

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3. Write your Results and Discussions

After carrying out research using the methodology described, a researcher generates the findings. These findings should be included in the results section. The writer then includes discussions in the paper. This involves convincing readers of the potential impact of the proposed research. Here, one presents the summary discussions as well as the conclusion of their findings.

5. References and Appendices

Immediately the researcher finishes the last chapter he should give a list of books, journals and other documents they have used during the study. Appendices are important for validating a study but do not fit well in the text.

Following these steps will enable you to learn how to write a research proposal example as well as empower you to be able to write a good research proposal when you need to do so. .